Man getting a mouth swab to test for COVID-19
Man getting a mouth swab to test for COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has inflicted loss of human life, serious illness, and social and economic disruption across the European Union (EU) and worldwide. Safe and effective vaccines for COVID-19 can protect individuals from becoming ill, especially healthcare professionals and vulnerable populations, such as older people and people with long-term diseases.

European coordination

The European Commission and EU agencies have supported the accelerated research and development of COVID-19 vaccines.

This ensures that these vaccines become available as early as possible, once they have been proven to be safe and effective.

The EU strategy for COVID-19 vaccines, launched by the European Commission:

  • ensures high quality, safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines;
  • secures rapid access to these vaccines for Member States and their populations.

This strategy reflects the global solidarity effort that is ensuring equitable access to affordable vaccines.

The European Commission also set out key preparedness elements for Member States to take into consideration for their COVID-19 vaccination strategies. For full details, see Preparedness for COVID-19 vaccination strategies and vaccine deployment.


For more general information on vaccination see:

COVID-19 vaccines

The EU is responsible for ensuring that safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines reach the public in the EU/EEA. The European Commission authorises COVID-19 vaccines, after evaluation by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and consultation with the EU Member States. The first vaccines were given at the end of 2020.

COVID-19 facts

COVID-19 is the disease associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain of coronavirus that had not been identified in humans prior to December 2019. There are different types of coronaviruses and, although they mostly circulate among animals, some can also infect humans.